Jamesprotector of Spain; the claim was made that 10, Muslims were killed and many captured. Isabella at the center, Columbus on the left, a cross on her right. Converting the inhabitants of in the newly discovered lands was entrusted by the papacy to the rulers of Portugal and Spain, through a series of papal actions.
Educated people of the day recognized that the earth was a sphere, but no European was aware of the existence of the American continents and the Pacific Ocean. Coronado would ride all the way up to current day New Mexico. The crewmembers completed their journey, but wary officials waited almost a year before sending aid to Columbus.
He avoided disaster by riding out a hurricane in a small, sheltered harbor, then resumed his quest. In lieu of the material riches he had promised the Spanish monarchs, he sent some slaves to Queen Isabella.
They would remain there for hundreds of years until the Europeans would retake Spain as part of the Reconquista. The new riches quickly made Spain the greatest super power of the time. The horses provided them an advantage fighting the Native Americans in the region.
The Crown officially organized this trade with Guinea: Spanish conquistadors such as Hernan Cortes and Francisco Pizarro conquered much of the Americas and claimed them for Spain. Columbus had sought an audience from the monarchs Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castilewho had united several kingdoms in the Iberian Peninsula by marrying and were ruling together.
Several towns and outposts in the North African coast were conquered and occupied by Castile: Tripoli was taken on 24—25 July, the feast of St. Instead, Columbus returned home by following the curving trade winds northeastward to the middle latitudes of the North Atlantic, where he was able to catch the " westerlies " that blow eastward to the coast of Western Europe.
Having failed to gain Portuguese support for a westward exploratory voyage, Columbus moved to Spain with his son Diego. Foreshadowing events to come, Columbus noted in his journal that the natives Arawaks were a gentle and trusting people who could easily be enslaved for the benefit of Spain.
The Spanish conquistadors started traveling much farther inland and soon formed the colony of Mexico.
A new community was established at a nearby location. Columbus sailed along the coast of Central America, hoping in vain to find an opening that would allow him to reach the shores of the Far East. The Patronato realor power of royal patronage for ecclesiastical positions had precedents in Iberia during the reconquest.
Ferdinand and Isabella wanted the same, along with the opportunity to export Catholicism to lands across the globe.
The treaty of Tordesillas  and the treaty of Cintra 18 September  established the limits of the Kingdom of Fez for Portugal, and the Castilian expansion was allowed outside these limits, beginning with the conquest of Melilla in The diseases would kill entire families and villages.
After the death of Queen Isabella inand her exclusion of Ferdinand from a further role in Castile, Ferdinand married Germaine de Foix incementing an alliance with France.
But Columbus had a different idea: Columbus wanted fame and fortune. The aims of the venture were clear: On his second voyage, which left from Cadiz inColumbus sailed with 17 ships carrying soldiers, farmers, craftsman, and priests who would go on to establish the first permanent colonies in the Americas.
Juan Carlos I becomes king. In addition to their strategic alliances with different indigenous groups, the Spanish had several advantages. Columbus before the Queen, as imagined  by Emanuel Gottlieb LeutzeColumbus traveled from Portugal to both Genoa and Venicebut he received encouragement from neither.In all, Christopher Columbus undertook four expeditions and was responsible for launching Spain into its golden age of imperialism and colonialism.
The colonial territories founded by Columbus throughout the Americas yielded enormous wealth for the Spanish Empire, which would enjoy European supremacy overseas until the late sixteenth. In Christopher Columbus sailed from Spain across the Atlantic Ocean to look for a quicker way to India and Asia.
He ended up discovering the Caribbean Islands, North America, and South America. Watch video · Christopher Columbus (c. to May 20, ) was an Italian explorer and navigator. Inhe sailed across the Atlantic from Spain in the Santa Maria, with the Pinta and the Niña ships alongside, hoping to find a new route to India.
However, after the Spanish conquest of the Moorish kingdom of Granada in Januarythe Spanish monarchs, flush with victory, agreed to support his voyage.
On August 3,Columbus set sail from Palos, Spain, with three small ships, the Santa Maria, the Pinta, and the Nina. - Queen Isabella sponsors the expedition of explorer Christopher Columbus.
He discovers the New World. - Spanish explorer Hernan Cortes conquers the Aztecs Empire in Mexico. - Explorer Francisco Pizarro conquers the Incan Empire and establishes the city of Lima.
- Philip II becomes King of Spain.
The Spanish Conquest of America. In the 15th century Christopher Columbus began the conquest of America and was the first European to arrive to the Americas in Edit.Download